With the world population growing by leaps and bounds, nations are shifting towards sustainable farming methods to feed a growing population. Organic farming offers an opportunity to boost food production without compromising the environment.
Organic farming refers to growing crops and raising farm animals without using chemical fertilizers, pesticides, antibiotics, herbicides, hormone stimulants and additives. Instead, farmers cultivate plants and rear animals in natural surroundings and natural ways using biological materials.
The world is gradually waking up to the benefits of organic farming that have been around since time immemorial.
Soil: Organic farming makes use of natural farming methods such as compost, crop rotation, mechanical farming and green manure. These methods do not strip the soil of its natural nutrients. Instead, they ensure the soil stays fertile while making the soil productive.
Environment: Since organic farmers do not use harmful chemicals, there are minimal chances of the fertilizers, herbicides and pesticides contaminating the soil or leaching into water bodies. Also, wildlife and marine life do not fall prey to these toxins. When wildlife and marine life die due to unnatural causes, it skews the ecological balance.
Nutrition: Organic farming boosts soil nutrients since it uses natural biological materials like compost and green manure. These nutrients are passed on to crops and farm animals. So, organic food has higher nutrient content compared to conventionally grown food.
Health: Several scientific studies have shown that synthetic and chemical fertilizers, pesticides and herbicides are present in food grown using conventional farming methods. When you consume these foods, the toxins build up in the body. This, in turn causes mutations at cellular level and diseases like cancer. Since organic farming does not use these chemicals, it minimizes diseases and health conditions that arise due to the toxins.